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How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper

Posted on 05 Jul 2019

5 min read

A research paper is a complex academic work that requires a profound analysis and great writing parts. Once preparing a research paper, make sure to follow your writing plan in order to complete the work on time. This academic paper contains many important parts, which must be performed perfectly. An abstract is one of the core parts of a research paper. Once writing a paper, you analyze a chosen problem or situations and tend to provide solutions and recommendations. All the investigation processes need a short summary to be provided. An abstract allows delivering a brief summary of the conducted research works and analyzes. It is an essential part of every research paper.

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper – Abstract Definition

The abstract is a part of a research paper or a separate document, which remains a brief summary of an entire research project. It mostly describes the object, methods, main ideas, arguments and evidence together with conclusions and recommendations. The abstract’s main purpose is to summarize the core aspects of the entire project. It reveals the main ideas, arguments, and evidence of your argumentative essay. It never simply describes the topic but outlines the main research’s aspects. In the abstract, you describe every step of your research work, its main goals and results. An abstract allows delivering a brief summary of the conducted research works and analyzes. It is a vital part of every research paper.

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper – Types of Abstracts

There are a few types of abstracts, which must be used in accordance with your tutor’s recommendations:

  • Descriptive Abstract – this type of abstract describes the main aspects of the work but never aims at comparing it to other familiar papers.
  • Critical Abstract – outlines the main ideas and results of the research works together with estimating the importance and reliability of findings.
  • Informative Abstract – is usually used by students and remains the most popular abstract’s type. Informative abstract explains and reveals the information and results of research work, and provides recommendations.
  • Highlight Abstract – this abstract type is aimed at catching the reader’s attention. It is rarely used in academic writing in general.

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper – Abstract’s Elements

Different abstracts have something in common. In fact, the abstract’s core elements are quite the same, no matter what type of abstract you are using in your paper. Make sure to learn the main elements of an abstract before starting to write a research paper.

The main elements of an abstract are the following:

  1. Objective. This element, which is usually called the rationale, reveals the main idea of the research paper. It outlines the main goals of the research work in the first few sentences. It also reveals the writer’s motivation and expected results.
  2. Methods. This section describes the set of tools and ways of conducting research work. Moreover, it explains how the entire paper must be written and systematized.
  3. Results. This part of an abstract reveals the results of the conducted analyses.
  4. Conclusion. This part brings a brief summary of the obtained results and shows where they can be used in the future.

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper – Elements to Avoid

Every professionally written abstract must contain a certain set of elements. At the same time, there is a list of elements to avoid. If you want to submit a flawless research paper, make sure your paper and abstract in particular do not contain abbreviations, incomplete sentences, unclear information, jargon, slang, fluff images, and complex tables. It is important to keep abstract short and informative. Thus, you need to place the entire information into a short, but well-written part of the text.

How to Write an Abstract for a Research Paper Properly

A proper research paper writing requires enough time, knowledge and good writing skills. When writing an abstract, it is great to write down a draft first. It can help to provide a well-structured abstract that contains all the needed elements and information. The abstract is the exact text that must be clear and concise. Placing too much information and using large sentences can lead to a bad grade. The reader must get a clear picture of what the writer is talking about and how the entire research work needs to be conducted. The entire writing process includes numerous important steps to follow:

Step One

You need to have your research paper completed to start writing an abstract. It is an important requirement since it will allow you to include the most important facts and findings to an abstract.

Step Two

The introduction part must include a few sentences to grip the reader’s attention. The objective section and conclusions must contain the most vital information and findings of the research paper. Use the most important facts to write them down in the mentioned sections.

Step Three

Every research paper needs to contain methodology and it is very important to provide effective methods of analysis. In this section, you inform readers about the methods of conducting the research work.

Step Four

Make sure your abstract reveals the answers on the importance of the analyzed problem and reveals the methods and plan of conducted research.

Step Five

When you have a completed abstract, make sure it is free from incorrect elements, mistakes or wrong sayings. Check a written abstract for a few times, and always provide the information as concise as possible.

 

An abstract is one of the main parts of every research paper. Once writing a paper, you analyze a chosen problem or situation, try to provide solutions and recommendations. All the investigation processes have a need in a short summary. An abstract allows delivering a brief summary of the conducted research works and analyzes. It is an essential part of every research paper, thus it must be written properly.


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